CIRCSIM-Tutor Project

Illinois Institute of Technology
Dept. Of Computer Science
and
Rush College of Medicine
Dept. of Physiology

Funding Credit


The CIRCSIM-Tutor project was a language-based intelligent tutoring system for first-year medical students to learn about the reflex control of blood pressure. Students solve small problems and are tutored by Socratic dialog with the computer.

Our research can be divided roughly into two parts:

Version 2 of the program was deployed in classes at Rush, version 3 was in development when the project ended.

Circsim-Tutor and related research on human tutoring is described in the book:

Martha W. Evens and Joel Michael, One-on-One Tutoring by Humans and Computers, 2006, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Early History and Motivation for the CIRCSIM-Tutor Project
People
Theses
Published Documents
Unpublished Documents


PEOPLE

Principal Investigators

Other Investigators and Alumni


Publications

THESES

Lulis, Evelyn
Implementing Analogies in an Intelligent Tutoring System by Modeling Human Tutoring Sessions
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 2005

Yusko, Jay A.
The Knowledge Collective: A Multi-Layer, Multi-Agent Framework for Information Reuse in an Intelligent Knowledge Base
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 2005
84 pp., available as
.pdf

Yang, Feng-Jen
Turn Planning for a Dialogue-Based Intelligent Tutoring System
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 2001
Postscript, 107pp., available as .ps.gz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Zhou, Yujian
Building a New Student Model to Support Adaptive Tutoring in a Natural Language Dialogue System
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 2000
Postscript, 140pp., two files archived together, available as .tgz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Kim, Jung Hee
Natural Language Analysis and Generation for Tutorial Dialogue
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 2000
Postscript, 171pp., available as .ps.gz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Cho, Byung-In
Dynamic Planning Models to Support Curriculum Planning and Multiple Tutoring Protocols in Intelligent Tutoring Systems
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 2000
Postscript, 123pp., two files archived together, available as .tgz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Glass, Michael
Broadening Input Understanding in an Intelligent Tutoring System
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1999
Postscript, 150pp., two files archived together, available as .tgz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Abbas, Hasan.
Designing a New Domain Knowledge Base for an Intelligent Tutoring System
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1998

Brandle, Stefan.
Using Joint Actions to Explain Acknowledgments in Tutorial Discourse: Application to Intelligent Tutoring Systems
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1998
Postscript, 170pp., available as .ps.gz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Shah, Farhana.
Recognizing and Responding to Student Plans in an Intelligent Tutoring System: CIRCSIM-Tutor
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1997
Postscript, 269 pp., several files archived together, available as .tgz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Freedman, Reva.
Interaction of Discourse Planning, Instructional Planning, and Dialogue Management in an Interactive Tutoring System
Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1996
Postscript, 276pp., several files archived together, available as .tgz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Hume, Gregory D.
Using Student Modeling to Determine When and How to Hint in an Intelligent Tutoring System
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1995
Postscript, 150pp., available as .ps or .ps.gz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Sanders, Gregory A.
Generation of Explanations and Multi-Turn Discourse Structures in Tutorial Dialog, Based on Transcript Analysis
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1995
Postscript, 127pp., available as .tgz or .zip, and also as .pdf

Khuwaja, Ramzan Ali.
A Model of Tutoring: Facilitating Knowledge Integration Using Multiple Models of the Domain
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1994
Postscript, 354 pp., several files archived together, available as .tgz or .zip, also as .pdf

Elmi, Mohammad Ali.
A Natural Language Parser with Interleaved Spelling Correction Supporting Lexical Functional Grammar and Ill-Formed Input
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1994
Postscript, 239 pp., available as .ps.gz or .zip

Chang, Ru-Charn.
Surface Level Generation of Tutorial Dialogue Using a Specially Developed Lexical Functional Grammar and Lexicon
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1992

Seu, Jai Hyun.
The Development of an Input Understander for an Intelligent Tutoring System Based on a Sublanguage Study
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1992

Shim, Leemseop.
Student Modeling for an Intelligent Tutoring System: Based on the Analysis of Human Tutoring Sessions
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1991

Woo, Chong W.
Instructional Planning in an Intelligent Tutoring System: Combining Global Lesson Plans with Local Discourse Control
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1991
Postscript, 146 pp., available as .ps.gz or .zip, and also as .pdf.

Zhang, Yuemei.
Knowledge-Based Discourse Generation for an Intelligent Tutoring System
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1991

Lee, Yoon-Hee.
Handling Ill-Formed Natural Language Input for an Intelligent Tutoring System
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1990

Kim, Nakhoon.
CIRCSIM-Tutor: An Intelligent Tutoring System for Circulatory Physiology
Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology, 1989




PUBLISHED DOCUMENTS

2008

Glass, Michael, and Martha W. Evens.
Extracting Information from Natural Language Input to an Intelligent Tutoring System
Far East Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence vol. 1 no. 2 (2008), pp. 87--125.
Available as
.pdf

2006

Kim, Jung Hee, Reva Freedman, Michael Glass, and Martha W. Evens.
Annotation of Tutorial Dialogue Goals for Natural Language Generation
Discourse Processes vol. 42 no. 1 (2006), pp. 37--74.
Available as .pdf

Woo, Woo Chong, Martha W. Evens, Reva Freedman, Michael Glass, Leemseop Shim, Yuemei Zhang, Yujian Zhou, and Joel A. Michael.
An Intelligent Tutoring System That Generates a Natural Language Dialogue Using Dynamic Multi-level Planning
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine vol. 38 no. 1 (2006), pp. 25--46.

2005

Lulis, Evelyn, Reva Freedman, and Martha W. Evens.
Implementing analogies using APE rules in an electronic tutoring system.
In C.K. Looi, G. McCalla, and H. Pain (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on AI in Education AIED-2005, Amsterdam, pp. 866-888. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

2004

Bhatt, Khelan, Shlomo Argamon, and Martha Evens
Hedged responses and expressions of affect in human/human and human/computer tutorial interactions.
Twenty Sixth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society COGSCI 2004, Proceedings, Chicago, IL
Available as .pdf

Lee, Chung Hee, and Martha Evens
Using selectional restrictions to parse and interpret student answers in a cardiovascular tutoring system.
Proceedings of MAICS 2004, Schaumburg, IL., pp. 63--67.

Lee, Chung-Hee, Martha Evens, and Michael S. Glass
Looking at the student input to a natural language-based tutoring system
Proceedings of ITS 2004 Workshop on Dialogue-Based Tutoring Systems, Maceió, Brazil, August pp. 15--22
Available as postscript .ps.gz and also as .pdf

Lulis, Evelyn, Joel Michael, and Martha Evens
How human tutors employ analogy to facilitate understanding
Twenty Sixth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society COGSCI 2004, Proceedings, Chicago, IL
Available as .pdf

Lulis, Evelyn, Joel Michael, and Martha Evens
Implementing analogies in an electronic tutoring system.
In James Lester, Rosa Maria Vicari, and Fábio Paraguaçu, eds., Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 7th International Conference ITS 2004, Maceió, Brazil, August, 2004, Springer (published as LNCS 3220), pp. 751--761

Lulis, Evelyn, Joel Michael, and Martha Evens
Using Qualitative Reasoning in the Classroom and in Electronic Teaching Systems
Proceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Qualitative Reasoning, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL August
Available as .pdf

Mills, Bruce, Martha Evens, and Reva Freedman
Implementing the directed line of reasoning with the Atlas Planning Environment
Proc ITCC, April, Las Vegas, Nevada, pp. 729--733.
Available as postscript .ps.gz and also as .pdf

Yusko, Jay, and Martha Evens
Dynamic Ontological Support for Qualitative Reasoning in The Knowledge Collective (TKC)
Proceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Qualitative Reasoning, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL August
Available as .pdf

2003

Lulis, Evelyn and Martha W. Evens
The Use of Analogies in Human Tutoring Dialogues.
AAAI 2003 Spring Symposium Series: Natural Language Generation in Spoken and Written Dialogue, pp. 94--96.
Available as .pdf

Lulis, Evelyn, Martha Evens, and Joel A. Michael.
Representation of analogies in tutoring sessions
Proceedings of the Second IASTED Conference on Information and Knowlege Sharing, Scottsdale, AZ, pp. 88--93.
Available as .pdf

Michael, Joel A., Allen A. Rovick, Yujian Zhou, Michael Glass, and Martha Evens
Learning from a computer tutor with natural language capabilities
Interactive Learning Environments, 11(3), pp. 233--262.
Not available here.

2002

Kim, Yeong C., Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and David Trace
Physiology Tutorials Using Causal Concept Mapping
Thirteenth Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Society Conference, MAICS-2002, Chicago, pp. 61--64.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Lee, Chung Hee, Jai Hyun Seu, and Martha W. Evens
Building an Ontology for CIRCSIM-Tutor
Thirteenth Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Society Conference, MAICS-2002, Chicago, pp. 161--168.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Shah, Farhana, Martha W. Evens, Joel Michael, and Allen Rovick
Classifying Student Initiatives and Tutor Responses in Human Keyboard-to-Keyboard Tutoring Sessions
Discourse Processes vol. 33 no. 1 (2002)
Available as .pdf

2001

Yang, Feng-Jen, Michael Glass, and Martha W. Evens
Evaluation of the Turn Planner in CIRCSIM-Tutor
17th International Conference on Advanced Science and Technology, ICAST-2001, Chicago, pp. 47-51.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Evens, Martha W., Stefan Brandle, Ru-Charn Chang, Reva Freedman, Michael Glass, Yoon Hee Lee, Leem Seop Shim, Chong Woo Woo, Yuemei Zhang, Yujian Zhou, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick
CIRCSIM-Tutor: An Intelligent Tutoring System Using Natural Language Dialogue
Twelfth Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, MAICS 2001, Oxford, OH, pp. 16-23.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Freedman, Reva, Byung-In Cho, Michael Glass, Yujian Zhou, Jung Hee Kim, Bruce Mills, Feng-Jen Yang, Martha W. Evens, and the CIRCSIM-Tutor Project
Adaptive Processing in a Medical Intelligent Tutoring System
Proceedings of NAACL 2001 Workshop on Adaptation in Dialogue Systems, pp. 33-40.
Available as .pdf

Glass, Michael
Processing Language Input in the CIRCSIM-Tutor Intelligent Tutoring System
Johanna Moore, Carol Luckhardt Redfield, and W. Lewis Johnson, eds., Artificial Intelligence in Education, IOS Press, 2001, pp. 210-221.
(This is the proceedings of the 2001 AI in Education conference, San Antonio).
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Mills, Bruce
Using the Atlas Planning Engine to Drive an Intelligent Tutoring System: CIRCSIM-Tutor Version 3
Proceedings of the Fourteenth Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium (FLAIRS-2001), Key West, FL, pp. 211-215.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

2000

Cho, Byung-In, Joel A. Michael, Allen A. Rovick, and Martha W. Evens.
An Analysis of Multiple Tutoring Protocols
Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 5th International Conference, ITS 2000, Montreal, 2000, Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science no. 1839, pp. 212-221.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Kim, Jung Hee, Michael Glass, Reva Freedman, and Martha W. Evens.
Learning the Use of Discourse Markers in Tutorial Dialogue for an Intelligent Tutoring System
Twenty-Second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Philadelphia, 2000, pp. 262-267.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Glass, Michael.
Processing Language Input in the CIRCSIM-Tutor Intelligent Tutoring System
AAAI 2000 Fall Symposium on Building Dialogue Systems for Tutorial Applications
An updated version of this paper that appeared in the 2001 AI-ED conference (see above) is what is available.

Yang, Feng-Jen, Jung Hee Kim, Michael Glass, and Martha W. Evens.
Turn Planning in CIRCSIM-Tutor
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium (FLAIRS-2000), Orlando, FL, 2000, AAAI Press, pp. 60-64.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Yang, Feng-Jen, Jung Hee Kim, Michael Glass, and Martha W. Evens.
Lexical Usage in the Tutoring Schemata of CIRCSIM-Tutor: Analysis of Variable References and Discourse Markers
Fifth Annual Conference on Human Interaction with Complex Systems (HICS-2000), Urbana, IL, 2000, pp. 27-31.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

1999

Cho, Byung-In, Joel A. Michael, Allen A. Rovick, and Martha W. Evens.
A Curriculum Planning Model for an Intelligent Tutoring System
Proceedings of the Twelfth International Florida AI Research Society Conference (FLAIRS-99), Orlando, FL, 1999 , AAAI Press, pp. 197-201.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Glass, Michael, Jung Hee Kim, Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
Novice vs. Expert Tutors: A Comparison of Style
Tenth Midwest Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science Conference (MAICS-99), Bloomington, IN, 1999, AAAI Press, pp. 43-49.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Zhou, Yujian and Martha W. Evens.
A Practical Student Model in an Intelligent Tutoring System
Proceedings of the Eleventh IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, Chicago (ICTAI-99), pp. 13-18.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Zhou, Yujian, Reva Freedman, Michael Glass, Joel A. Michael, Allen A. Rovick, Martha W. Evens.
Delivering Hints in a Dialogue-Based Intelligent Tutoring System
Sixteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-99), Orlando, FL, 1999 published in one volume with Eleventh Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence (IAAI-99), AAAI Press and MIT Press, pp. 128-134.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Zhou, Yujian, Reva Freedman, Michael Glass, Joel A. Michael, Allen A. Rovick, Martha W. Evens.
What Should the Tutor Do When the Student Cannot Answer a Question?
Proceedings of the Twelfth International Florida AI Research Society Conference (FLAIRS-99), Orlando, FL, 1999 , AAAI Press, pp. 187-191.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

1998

Elmi, Mohammad A and Martha W. Evens.
Spelling Correction Using Context
Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-98), Montreal, 1998 also known as 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL-98), pp. 360-364.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Freedman, Reva, Stefan Brandle, Michael Glass, Jung Hee Kim, Yujian Zhou, and Martha W. Evens.
Content Planning as the Basis for an Intelligent Tutoring System (System Demonstration)
Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop on Natural Language Generation (INLG-9), Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, 1998, pp. 280-283.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Freedman, Reva, Yujian Zhou, Michael Glass, Jung Hee Kim, and Martha W. Evens.
Using Rule Induction to Assist In Rule Construction for a Natural-Language Based Intelligent Tutoring System
Twentieth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Madison, 1998, pp. 362-367.
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Freedman, Reva, Yujian Zhou, Jung Hee Kim, Michael Glass, and Martha W. Evens.
SGML-Based Markup as a Step toward Improving Knowledge Acquisition for Text Generation
AAAI 1998 Spring Symposium: Applying Machine Learning to Discourse Processing
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Jeong, Injoo, Martha W. Evens, and Yeongkwun Kim.
Tool for Knowledge Acquisition and Knowledge Visualization
Proceedings of the Eleventh Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium, Sanibel Island, FL, 1998, Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press, pp. 173-177.
Available as postscript: .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Kim, Jung Hee, Reva Freedman, and Martha W. Evens.
Relationship Between Tutorial Goals and Sentence Structure in a Corpus of Tutoring Transcripts
Ninth Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, Dayton OH, 1998, Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press, pp. 124-131.
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Kim, Jung Hee, Reva Freedman, and Martha W. Evens.
Responding to Unexpected Student Utterances in CIRCSIM-Tutor v.3: Analysis of Transcripts
Proceedings of the Eleventh Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium, Sanibel Island, FL, 1998, Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press, pp. 153-157.
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

1997

Brandle, Stefan and Martha W. Evens.
Acknowledgments in Tutorial Dialogue
In Eugene Santos, ed., Eighth Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, Dayton, OH, 1997, Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press, AAAI Technical Report CF-97-01, pp. 13-17.
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf.

Freedman, Reva.
Representing Communicative Action in a Dialogue-Based Intelligent Tutoring System
AAAI 1997 Fall Symposium: Communicative Action in Humans and Machines
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Freedman, Reva.
Degrees of Mixed-Initiative Interaction in an Intelligent Tutoring System
AAAI 1997 Spring Symposium: Computational Models for Mixed Initiative Interaction.
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Glass, Michael
Some Phenomena Handled by the CIRCSIM-Tutor Version 3 Input Understander
Proceedings of the Tenth Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium, Daytona Beach, FL, 1997
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

Shah, Farhana, and Martha W. Evens.
Student Initiatives and Tutor Responses in a Medical Tutoring System
AAAI 1997 Spring Symposium: Computational Models for Mixed Initiative Interaction.
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip and also as .pdf

1996

Brandle, Stefan.
Understanding Human Communication Acknowledgement Protocols By Studying Artificial Communication Protocols
Seventh Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, Bloomington, IN, 1996
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip, and also as html.

Freedman, Reva.
Using a Text Planner to Model the Behavior of Human Tutors in an ITS
Seventh Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, Bloomington, IN, 1996
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip, and also as html.

Freedman, Reva.
Using Tutoring Patterns to Generate More Cohesive Text
Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on the Learning Sciences, Evanston, IL, 1996
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip

Freedman, Reva and Martha W. Evens.
Generating and Revising Hierarchical Multi-Turn Text Plans in an ITS
Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Third International Conference ITS '96, Montreal, 1996, Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science no. 1086
Available as postscript: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip

Hume, Gregory, Joel A. Michael, Allen A. Rovick, and Martha W. Evens.
Hinting as a Tactic in One-On-One Tutoring
Journal of the Learning Sciences, v. 5, no. 1, pp. 23-47, 1996.

Hume, Gregory, Joel Michael, and Allen Rovick.
The Student Model: From Text-Based to Multimedia Tutoring Systems
Seventh Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, Bloomington, IN, 1996
Available as html.

Hume, Gregory, Joel Michael, Allen Rovick, and Martha W. Evens
Student Responses and Follow up Tutorial Tactics in an ITS
Proceedings of the 9th Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium, Key West, FL, 1996
Available as postscript .ps.

Hume, Gregory, Joel Michael, Allen Rovick, and Martha W. Evens
The Use of Hints by Human and Computer Tutors: the Consequences of the Tutoring Protocol
Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on the Learning Sciences, Evanston, IL, 1996
Available as postscript .ps.

Kannan, Murugan, and Martha W. Evens.
A Text Realization System to Transform Shallow Semantic Forms to FDs in an Intelligent Tutoring System
Seventh Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, Bloomington, IN, 1996
Available as html.

Shah, Farhana, and Martha W. Evens.
How to Respond to Student Initiatives in Tutoring Systems
Seventh Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, Bloomington, IN, 1996
Available as postscript .ps and as html.

1995

Freedman, Reva.
Using Pedagogical Knowledge to Structure Text Generation in an Intelligent Tutoring System
Proceedings of the 1995 Midwest Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science Society Conference, Carbondale, 1995

Hume, Gregory D., Joel A. Michael, Allen A. Rovick and Martha W. Evens.
Controlling Active Learning: How Tutors Decide When to Generate Hints
Proceedings of the 8th Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium, Pensacola, 1995

Khuwaja, Ramzan A., Allen A. Rovick, Joel A. Michael and Martha W. Evens.
A Tale of Three Protocols: The Implications for Intelligent Tutoring Systems
In E. A. Yfantis, ed., Intelligent Systems: Third Golden West International Conference, Las Vegas, 1994, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1995. Published as v. 15 of Theory and Decision Library, Series D: System Theory, Knowledge Engineering, and Problem Solving

Ramachandran, Kumar and Martha W.Evens.
Lexical Choice for an Intelligent Tutoring System
Proceedings of the 1995 Midwest Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science Society Conference, Carbondale IL, 1995, pp. 53-57. Obtainable from Kenneth Danhof, Dept. of Computer Science, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901.

Rovick, Allen A. and Joel A. Michael.
The Learning Effect Produced by Expert Tutoring
Experimental Biology 95, Atlanta (poster abstract)
Available as .pdf

1994

Chang, Ru-Charn and Martha W. Evens.
Surface Generation in Tutorial Dialogs Based on a Sublanguage Study
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Advanced Science and Technology, Naperville, IL, 1994, pp. 113-119. Naperville, IL: ATT Bell Laboratories. Sponsored by Chinese Academic and Professional Association in Mid-America (CAPAMA).

Khuwaja, Ramzan A., Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
Architecture of CIRCSIM-Tutor (v.3): A Smart Cardiovascular Physiology Tutor
Proceedings of the 7th Annual IEEE Computer-Based Medical Systems Symposium, Winston-Salem, NC, 1994, pp. 158-163. IEEE Computer Society Press.

1993

Evens, Martha W., John Spitkovsky, Patrick Boyle, Joel A. Michael and Allen A. Rovick.
Synthesizing Tutorial Dialogues
Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Boulder, 1993. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Hume, Gregory D., Joel A. Michael, Allen A. Rovick and Martha W. Evens.
The Use of Hints as a Tutorial Tactic
Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Boulder, 1993. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Khuwaja, Ramzan A., Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
Building the Domain-Expert for a Cardiovascular Physiology Tutor
Proceedings of the 6th Annual IEEE Computer-Based Medical Systems Symposium, Ann Arbor, MI, 1993, pp. 106-111. IEEE Computer Society Press.

Michael, Joel A.
Teaching Problem Solving in Small Groups
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, v. 701, pp. 37-48, 1993. Special Issue on Promoting Active Learning in the Classroom.

Michael, Joel A. and Harold I. Modell.
Life Science Education: Reflections on Some Challenges Facing Us
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, v. 701, pp. 83-90, 1993. Special Issue on Promoting Active Learning in the Classroom.

Modell, Harold I. and Joel A. Michael
Promoting Active Learning in the Life Science Classroom: Defining the Issues
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, v. 701, pp. 1-7, 1993. Special Issue on Promoting Active Learning in the Classroom.

Spitkovsky, John A. and Martha W. Evens
Negative Acknowledgments in Natural Language Tutoring Systems
Fifth Midwest AI and Cognitive Science Conference, Chesterton IN, 1993, pp. 41-45.

Sukthankar, Sudnya, Kumar Ramachandran, Martha W. Evens, Allen A. Rovick, and Joel A. Michael.
Graphical User Interfacing with Domain Visualization for an Intelligent Medical Tutoring System
Proceedings of the 6th Annual IEEE Computer-Based Medical Systems Symposium, Ann Arbor, 1993, pp. 189-193. IEEE Computer Society Press.

1992

Hume, Gregory G.
A Dynamic Student Model in a Cardiovascular Tutoring System
Proceedings of the 5th Annual IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, Durham, NC, 1992, pp. 370-377. IEEE Computer Society Press.

Hume, Gregory D. and Martha W. Evens.
Student Modeling and the Classification of Errors in a Cardiovascular Intelligent Tutoring System
Proceedings of the Fourth Midwest Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science Conference, Starved Rock, IL, 1992, pp. 52-56. Midwest Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science Society.

Khuwaja, Ramzan A., Martha W.Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
Knowledge Representation for an Intelligent Tutoring System Based on a Multilevel Causal Model
Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Second International Conference ITS '92, Montreal, 1992, pp. 217-224. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Li, Jun, Allen A. Rovick, and Joel A. Michael.
ABASE: A Hypermedia-based Tutoring and Authoring System
In Tomek, I. (ed.), Computer-Assisted Learning: 4th International Conference, ICCAL '92, Wolfeville, Nova Scotia, pp. 380-390. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1992. Published as v. 602 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science.

Li, Jun, Jai Seu, Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael and Allen A. Rovick.
Computer Dialogue System (CDS): A System for Capturing Computer-Mediated Dialogue
Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, v. 24 no. 4 pp. 535-540, 1992

Michael, Joel A., Allen A. Rovick, Martha W. Evens, Leemseop Shim, Chong W. Woo, and Nakhoon Kim.
The Uses of Multiple Student Inputs in Modeling and Lesson Planning in CAI and ICAI Programs
In Tomek, I. (ed.), Computer-Assisted Learning: 4th International Conference, ICCAL '92, Wolfeville, Nova Scotia, pp. 441-452. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1992. Published as v. 602 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science.

Rovick, Allen A. and Joel A. Michael.
The Predictions Table: A Tool for Assessing Students' Knowledge
American Journal of Physiology, v. 263 no. 6, part 3 pp. S33-S36, 1992. Also known as Advances in Physiology Education, v. 8 pp. S33-S36, 1992

Sanders, Gregory A., Martha W. Evens, Allen A. Rovick, and Joel A. Michael.
An analysis of how Students Take the Initiative in Keyboard-to-Keyboard Tutorial Dialogues in a Fixed Domain
Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Bloomington, IN, 1992, pp. 1086-1091. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Woo, Chong Woo.
A Multi-Level Dynamic Instructional Planner for an Intelligent Physiology Tutoring System
Technical report, Illinois Institute of Technology, 1992.

1991

Seu, Jai, Ru-Charn Chang, Jun Li, Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael and Allen A. Rovick.
Language Differences in Face-to-Face and Keyboard-to-Keyboard Tutoring Sessions
Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Chicago, 1991, pp. 576-580. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1991

Shim, Leemseop, Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
Effective Cognitive Modeling in an Intelligent Tutoring System for Cardiovascular Physiology
Proceedings of the 4th Annual IEEE Computer-Based Medical Systems Symposium, Baltimore, 1991, pp. 338-345. IEEE Computer Society Press.

Woo, Chong Woo Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
Dynamic Instructional Planning for an Intelligent Physiology Tutoring System
Proceedings of the 4th Annual IEEE Computer-Based Medical Systems Symposium, Baltimore, 1991, pp. 226-233. IEEE Computer Society Press.

1990

Zhang, Yuemei, Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
Extending a Knowledge Base to Support Explanations
Proceedings of the 4th Annual IEEE Computer-Based Medical Systems Symposium, Chapel Hill, 1990, pp. 259-266. IEEE Computer Society Press.

1989

Haque, Mohammed M., Allen A. Rovick, Joel A. Michael, and Martha W.Evens.
Tutoring Rule Authoring System (TRAS)
In Maurer, H. (ed.), Computer-Assisted Learning: 2nd International Conference, ICCAL '89, pp. 182-191. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1989. Published as v. 360 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science.

Kim, Nakhoon, Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
CIRCSIM-Tutor: An Intelligent Tutoring System for Circulatory Physiology
In Maurer, H. (ed.), Computer-Assisted Learning: 2nd International Conference, ICCAL '89, pp. 254-266. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1989. Published as v. 360 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science.

Michael, Joel A.
An Agenda for Research on Teaching of Physiology
American Journal of Physiology, v. 256, pt. 3, pp. S14-17, 1989. Also known as v. 1 of Advances in Physiology Education.

Michael, Joel A., Mohammed M. Haque, Allen A. Rovick, and Martha W. Evens.
The Pathophysiology Tutor: A First Step Towards a Smart Tutor
In Maurer, H. (ed.), Computer-Assisted Learning: 2nd International Conference, ICCAL '89, pp. 390-399. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1989. Published as v. 360 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science.

1988 and Earlier

Michael, Joel A. and Allen A. Rovick.
CIRCSIM: An IBM PC Computer Teaching Exercise on Blood Pressure Regulation
XXX Congress of International Union of Physiological Sciences, 1986. Poster abstract.

Rovick, Allen A. and Lisa Brenner.
HEARTSIM: A Cardiovascular Simulation with Didactic Feedback
The Physiologist, v. 26 no. 4, pp. 236-239, 1983.

Zhang, Yuemei, Martha W. Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick.
Knowledge Compiler for an Expert Physiology Tutor
Proceedings of the ESD/SMI Conference on Expert Systems, Dearborn MI, 1987, pp. 153-169.




UNPUBLISHED DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE ONLINE

Kim, Jung Hee.
A Manual for SGML Mark Up of Tutoring Transcripts
Instructions for marking up tutorial goals and related data in our transcripts, 1999
Available as postscript, 26 pp.:
.ps.gz or .zip or .pdf.

Brandle, Stefan.
Acknowledgments in Human Tutoring Sessions and Intelligent Tutoring Systems
Unpublished Ph.D. thesis proposal, 1996.
Available as postscript, approx 50 pp.: .ps or .ps.gz or .zip.

Freedman, Reva.
Proposed Transcript Markup System for the CIRCSIM-Tutor Project (v. 2)
Postscript .ps or .ps.gz or .zip. Also available as html.

Evens, Martha W. et al.
A Short Description of CIRCSIM-Tutor v.2.
Postscript .ps or .zip, and also as .pdf.

Shah, Farhana.
Recognizing and Responding to Student Plans in an Intelligent Tutoring System: CIRCSIM-Tutor v.3
Unpublished Ph.D. thesis proposal, 1996.
Available as postscript, several files archived together, approx 75 pp.: .tgz or .zip.


Disclaimer and Funding Credit

This work was supported by the Cognitive Science Program, Office of Naval Research under Grant No. N00014-94-1-0338, to Illinois Institute of Technology. The content does not reflect the position or policy of the government and no official endorsement should be inferred.
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Last revised: 29 Nov 2014
Last bibliographic entry added or revised: 20 May 2014
Last document added or revised: 29 Nov 2014
Last personnel or address update: 22 Jan 2006
-- Michael Glass